A year after her marriage she gave birth to a girl, at the time Babr’s wife was taken ill in childbed, and she died. Her daughter was given her name.
Babur is considered a national hero in Uzbekistan. In 14 February 2008, stamps in his name were published in the country to commemorate his 525th birth anniversary. Many of Babur’s poems have become popular Uzbek folk songs, especially by Sherali Jo‘rayev. Some sources claim that Babur is a national hero in Kyrgyzstan too. Babur is also held in high esteem in Afghanistan and Iran. In October 2005, Pakistan developed the Babur Cruise Missile, named in his honor.
14.He compiled two anthologies of poems, Diwan (in Turki) and Mubaiyan (in Persian). He also wrote Risal-i-Usaz or letters of Babar.
После того, как Бэбур упал тяжело больной, Humayun, его старший сын, был вызван от его Jagir. Он умер в возрасте 47 лет на и следовался Humayun. В соответствии с его желанием, его телом двигали в Кабул, Афганистан там, это находится в Баге-э Бэбуре (Сады Бэбура).
After losing the city[clarification needed] for the third time, Babur turned his attention to creating his empire in north India. At that time, north India was ruled by Ibrahim Lodi of the Lodi dynasty. In 1524, Daulat Khan Lodi invited his nephew, Babur, to overthrow Ibrahim and become ruler. Babur defeated Ibrahim Lodi at the First Battle of Panipat in 1526 and so founded the Mughal empire. However, he again had to face opposition, this time from Rana Sanga of Mewar who considered Babur as a foreigner. The Rana was defeated at the Battle of Khanwa.
Most territories around his kingdom were ruled by his relatives, who were descendants of either Timur or Genghis Khan, and were constantly in conflict. At that time, rival princes were fighting over the city of Samarkand to the west, which was ruled by his paternal cousin. Babur had a great ambition to capture it and in 1497, he besieged Samarkand for seven months before eventually gaining control over it. He was fifteen years old and for him, this campaign was a huge achievement. Babur was able to hold it despite desertions in his army but later fell seriously ill. Meanwhile, a rebellion amongst nobles who favoured his brother, back home approximately 350 kilometres (220 mi) away robbed him of Fergana. As he was marching to recover it, he lost the Samarkand to a rival prince, leaving him with neither Fergana nor Samarkand. He had held Samarkand for 100 days and he considered this defeat as his biggest loss, obsessing over it even later in his life after his conquests in India.
ב- 26 בדצמבר 1530 נפטרה באבור בגיל 47. Humayun, בן 22, ירש אימפריה רעועה, שאותה אויבים פנימיים וחיצוניים. כמו אביו, הומון היה מאבד את השלטון ונאלץ לגלות, רק כדי לחזור ולהביע את טענתו בהודו. בסוף ימיו, הוא איחד והרחיב את האימפריה, שתגיע לשיאה תחת בנו אכבר הגדול.
Хотя Бэбур произошел из племени Barlas, которое имело монгольское происхождение, его племя охватило тюркскую и персидскую культуру, преобразовало в ислам и проживало в Туркестане и Khorasan. Его родной язык был языком Chaghatai (известный Бэбуру как Turkī, «тюркские языки»), и он одинаково бегло говорил на персидском языке, лингва франка элиты Тимурида.
Gulrukh Begum, to not be confused with Babur’s daughter Gulrukh Begum, who was also referred to as Gulbarg Begum. Gulrukh Begum possibly a Begchik Mughal was the mother of Kamran and Askari.
Babur was simply not interested in her, or in marriage, at this time. Yet, Aisha gave birth to Babur’s first child after three years of marriage. This was a daughter, Fakhr-un-Nissa, born in 1501 at Samarkand but died after a month or forty days. Though their association was much closer now, it seems that Aisha and Babur quarreled and she left him before the coup of Tashkent in 1503.
Babur died in Agra at the age of 47 on 5 January [O.S. 26 December 1530] 1531 and was succeeded by his eldest son, Humayun. He was first buried in Agra but, as per his wishes, his mortal remains were moved to Kabul and reburied in Bagh-e Babur in Kabul sometime between 1539 and 1544.
Kabul was ruled by Ulugh Begh Mirza of the Arghun Dynasty, who died leaving only an infant as heir. The city was then claimed by Mukin Begh, who was considered to be a usurper and was opposed by the local populace. In 1504, Babur was able to cross the snowy Hindu Kush mountains and capture Kabul from the remaining Arghunids, who were forced to retreat to Kandahar. With this move, he gained a new kingdom, re-established his fortunes and would remain its ruler until 1526. In 1505, because of the low revenue generated by his new mountain kingdom, Babur began his first expedition to India; in his memoirs, he wrote, "My desire for Hindustan had been constant. It was in the month of Shaban, the Sun being in Aquarius, that we rode out of Kabul for Hindustan". It was a brief raid across the Khyber Pass.
Though born as Zahiruddin Muhammad Babur, he was commonly known as Babur. He was the eldest son of Umar Sheikh Mirza. He ascended the throne of Fergana in 1495 at the age of twelve and faced rebellion from his own relatives. He conquered Samarkand two years later, only to lose the city of Fergana soon after. In his attempt to reconquer it, he lost control of Samarkand. In 1501, his attempt to recapture both cities went in vain as he was defeated by Muhammad Shaybani Khan. In 1504, he conquered Kabul, which was under the rule of the infant heir of Ulugh Begh. Babur formed a partnership with Safavid ruler Ismail I and reconquered parts of central Asia including Samarkand, only to lose[clarification needed] again to the Uzbeks.
Бэбур говорит, что предки его противника Хасана Хана управляли Mewat в непрерывной последовательности в течение почти 200 лет, и что Tejara был их капиталом. В другом месте он называет его раджой Хасаном Ханом Мьюати, неверным, который был движущей силой и агитатором в восстании против Mughals. Титул Раджи и шоу «неверного» термина, что Бэбур знал об индуистском спуске Хасана Хана и периоде «почти 200 лет», наиболее вероятно, относится к дате, когда его предок стал мусульманином в господстве Фироза Шаха между АХ 752 и 790.