Of course Wiener is the father of Cybernetic . In AI is important to study the human brain with the two main component: Memory and Intelligence. Memory is in all brain cells (neurons), their connections between them and with all parts of the body; and intelligence the results of using the information store in the memory.
Norbert Weiner — Norbert Wiener (* 26. November 1894 in Columbia, Missouri; † 18. März 1964 in Stockholm) war ein amerikanischer Mathematiker. Er ist als Begründer der Kybernetik bekannt, ein Ausdruck, den er in seinem Werk Cybernetics or Control and… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Post-war life did not go smoothly for Norbert Wiener, as he found himself rejected when applying for permanent teaching positions at both Harvard and the University of Melbourne. Wiener blamed his rejection at Harvard on the college’s anti-Semitism, in addition to his poor relationship with G.D. Birkhoff, a prominent Harvard mathematician at the time. Despite those two setbacks, Wiener did not give up in his pursuit of a permanent teaching position, and eventually got accepted to teach mathematics at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT). He spent the remainder of his academic career at MIT, where he eventually became a Professor.
Wiener’s work with guided missile technology and ballistics both played a role in his interest in what we now refer to as cybernetics. His interest lay in the complex electronic systems that allowed the missile to change flight based on the current position and direction it was taking. He identified the feedback principle on the missiles and how it played an important role in every living thing in the world—from plants to animals to humans. The feedback principle is an electronics principle that refers to how a measure of an output signal from a system is fed back into the input of the very same system. This principle allows for various systems to be controlled in a way that deals with undesired states or signals, which helps improve system stability.
Born in Columbia, Missouri on November 26,1894 to Leo Wiener and Bertha Kahn, two Polish-German Jews, Norbert was home schooled until he was nine years old. His father Leo taught him various subjects through teaching methods he had developed himself.
After spending a year learning philosophy at Cornell, Wiener was ready to come back to Harvard. He did continue to take some subjects in philosophy, but his focus began to shift towards mathematics. He began studying under the guidance of Edward Huntington, the famous mathematician who came up with Huntington’s axiom. When Wiener was only 17 years of age, he received his Ph.D. from Harvard University based on his dissertation on mathematical logic.
Norbert Wiener — noun United States mathematician and founder of cybernetics (1894 1964) • Syn: ↑Wiener • Instance Hypernyms: ↑mathematician … Useful english dictionary
Wiener's strangeness was proverbial in the scientist's circles. Some people laugh at his somewhat baroque, short, rotund, and myopic figure, his wanton and pompous speech, but in contrast to most of them, he shared his theories and findings with other researchers, and credited the contributions of others. These included Soviet researchers and their findings (it was very dangerous and placed him under suspicion during the Cold War). He was a strong advocate of automation to improve the standard of living, and to overcome economic underdevelopment. He declined an invitation to join the Manhattan Project. After the war, he became increasingly concerned with what he saw as political interference in scientific research, and the militarization of science. His 1947 article "A Scientist Rebels" urged scientists to consider the ethical implications of their work. After the war, he refused to accept any government funding or to work on military projects.
Norbert Wiener — Norbert Wiener. Norbert Wiener (26 de noviembre de 1894, Columbia (Misuri) 18 de marzo de 1964, Estocolmo, Suecia) fue un matemático estadounidense, conocido como el fundador de la cibernética … Wikipedia Español
Wiener spent more time in Europe in 1926 through the Guggenheim Scholars program. He spent a majority of his time in Europe at the Gottingen and Cambridge colleges again, where he worked on several mathematical principles, such as the Brownian motion, Dirichlet’s problem and the harmonic analysis. Wiener also got married in 1926 to Margaret Engemann, a German immigrant, with whom he had two daughters. Wiener’s parents introduced the couple to each other.
After the war, Wiener became increasingly concerned with what he believed was political interference with scientific research, and the militarization of science. His article "A Scientist Rebels" from the January 1947 issue of The Atlantic Monthly urged scientists to consider the ethical implications of their work. After the war, he refused to accept any government funding or to work on military projects. The way Wiener's beliefs concerning nuclear weapons and the Cold War contrasted with those of von Neumann is the major theme of the book John Von Neumann and Norbert Wiener.[full citation needed]
After Harvard, Norbert Wiener decided to travel to Europe in search of further educational and research opportunities. He learned from Bertrand Russelland G.H. Hardy at England’s Cambridge University. He also pursed additional study at the University of Gottingen. He also worked a number of different jobs in the subsequent years, spending a brief period teaching philosophy at Harvard in 1915, working for General Electric and writing a few articles for the Encyclopedia Americana. He also worked as a journalist at the Boston Herald, but he did not keep that job for long because of the suggestion that his articles contained bias towards a politician with whom the paper’s owners had a cozy relationship.
Wiener's work with cybernetics influenced Gregory Bateson and Margaret Mead, and through them, anthropology, sociology, and education.